The Danish Knabstrupper
As per 17. august 2003
Translated from Danish by Torben Heeris, the translation is a strict
translation of the Danish words and is not in any way
interpreted. As some of the rules are not clearly
understood by Danes either, the true meaning of some of
these rules might be unintelligible and can only be found
out by contacting the KNN. It should also be noted that some
rules might not correspond to EU-law. It should further be
noted that these rules were not made by lawyers but by
enthusiasts of the Knabstrupper. The rules will most
probably and hopefully be scrutinized by the board in the
coming years. For reasons unknown to us the standard of the
pure bred Knabstrupper has the day after the selection
trials of 2003 suddenly been removed from the KNN web-site,
I will get it from other sources though. Also you will look
in vain for any reference to a distinction between the
spotted Warmblood and the pure bred, classical or the
baroque type Knabstrupper.
1. General Rules.
1. General Rules.
1. GENERAL RULES:
§1. NAME, DOMICILE and LOGO:
The name of the association is The
Knabstrupper Association for
The purpose of the association is to work for the preservation and promotion of the Knabstrupper breeding, to preserve and breed the spotted Knabstrupper as a riding horse according to a standard decided by the general assembly. This purpose is attempted to be strengthened by, among other things, keeping studbooks, by holding selections and registrations, by offspring presentations, by issuing of a magazine, by research, and by assistance and presentations at horse shows and the like.
Everyone, who has an interest in the purpose of the association, can be accepted as members. Associate membership might be accepted. Only active members have the right to vote at the general assembly, just as only active members have the capacity to enter horses for the selection, rating trials and the like. Membership is not a condition for registration in the studbook. Withdrawal of membership must be done to the chairman or the treasure. The membership is personal and on name, however other associations and the like can be accepted as supporting members without voting rights. Differential treatment of the breeders must not take place. Members commit themselves to accept that data under registration or already registered about the member or his horses can be used freely by the Knabstrupper association for the fulfillment of the purpose of the association and for the fulfillment of the obligations, which the association through its affiliation with the National Horse Committee, and hereunder The National Directorate for Horses, is bound. Registered data cannot subsequently be demanded erased, neither at withdrawal of membership.
§4. SUBSCRIPTION FEE:
The amount of the subscription fee is decided each year on the general assembly. The subscription fee is payable upon demand for one financial year at a time. Non-payment, after further demand, allows the board of the association to cancel membership, this however does not exempt said member of payment. Payment of subscription fee is due at the latest 1st February, so that voting rights at the general assembly is secured. New members have, however, voting rights, if subscription fee is paid at the latest 14 days prior to the general assembly being held.
§5. MANAGEMENT OF THE ASSOCIATION:
The bodies of the association are the general assembly, the board and the accountants.
§6. THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY:
The ordinary general assembly is being
held every year before the end of March and appreciably
every third year on
The agenda must contain the following topics:
-Election of chairperson.
-Report about the activity of the association, by the chairman of the board.
-Presentation of the audited accounts by the treasurer.
-Discussions of proposals received.
-Setting of membership fee.
-Election of board, accountants and deputy members.
-Any other business.
-Proposals to be discussed on the general assembly must be handed in, in writing, to the chairman of the board before the end of January. Proposals received must be sent to all members together with the summons for the general assembly.
§7. EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL ASSEMBLY:
Extraordinary general assembly is to be held according to decision by the board or if this is demanded by at least 20% of the members of the association. Such demand must be in writing addressed to the chairman of the board, and the general assembly is then summoned with same notice as for ordinary general assembly.
Voting takes place in person, and all voting is by hand unless at least 1/3 of the members present demand a written ballot.
§9. THE BOARD:
The board consist of 7 members, at least 3 members from Jutland and at least 3 members from the isles, and the election is for two years, so that 3 or 4 members is dismissed every year after drawing lots.
The board has two deputy members, who are elected for one year. The board appoints temporarily itself with chairman, deputy chairman, secretary and treasurer, and divides the business among them. The secretary and the treasurer do not have to be members of the board. The general assembly is the highest authority of the association. The board manages the business of the association in all respects, responsible to the general assembly. The association is committed by the signatures of the entire board. The board sets up commissions according to needs, among these also the standing commission: The selection commission. The board elects the chairman of the selection commission and appoints a consultant with horse breeding as speciality to assist the work of the commission. The board draws up rules for selection, registration and keeping of studbook and other issues that concerns the breeding work.
§10. AUDITING AND ACCOUNTS:
From among the members of the association are elected 2 accountants, to whom accounts with vouchers must be given at least 14 days prior to the ordinary general assembly. The financial year of the association is the calendar year. At the changeover of treasurers an auditing of the accounts must be done.
§11. Deleted 1993
§12. THE BREEDING WORK:
The breeding work of the Knabstrupper association is managed by the breeding management of the association, which consists of the board and the selection commission combined. The breeding management draws up more specific rules for selection, registration and keeping of studbook, and for other issues with regard to the breeding work.
§13. SALARIES ETC.:
For its assistance at selections, rating trials, registration and studbook keeping, the board is entitled to hire paid assistance. The board can pay a fee to the chairman and the treasurer, and to the editor of the magazine and the homepage.
The members of the board and others called upon for the board meetings will be reimbursed for their travel expenses connected with board meetings, meeting with the National Horse Committee etc. corresponding to the cheapest means of public transport plus an amount covering meals. This amount is decided at the yearly general assembly.
§14. AMENDMENTS TO THE RULES:
To decide amendments to the present rules, and to the dissolution of the association, it is required that ¾ of the members present at such general assembly votes for amendments or dissolution respectively. Cash balance, if any, must at such dissolution of the assembly be donated to charity within the horse breeding. If such a qualified majority is not achieved, a new general assembly must be summoned with usual notice, and the said question is then decided by simple majority of votes.
The rules have been decided at the general assembly 200371. Amendments 060376, 060382, 130388, 220392, 270393, 250395, 250300, 230302, and 29.03.2003.
2. INTERPRETATION OF THE
The KNN keeps a sales list. See the Magazine.
The association has compulsory branding. Offspring, that are issued a certificate of registration, are branded with the logo of the association. The association has had compulsory branding from 1988-1991 (included) and from 1994 onwards.
Finally selected stallions, and mares that have been selected with at least 8 points in “general impression” and have passed the mare selection competition, are entitled to be logo-branded on the left side of the neck. Before such a horse can be branded on the neck it must (first) be branded with the ordinary ID-brand on the hindquarter.
THE GREY GENE:
Following exhaustive discussions in the breeding commission and on the general assemblies in 1987 and 1988 the following has been decided:
a) Mares with the grey gene can be selected, it must however be written in the pedigree certificate.
b) Stallions with the grey gene cannot be selected.
c) Pale rings in the layers of hairs surrounding the eyes indicate that the foal has the grey gene.
d) If one member of the selection commission is of the opinion that an animal has the grey gene, all members are of this opinion!
e) In the papers is indicated: gg (if the horse does not have the grey gene), Gg (if the horse is heterozygote grey roan), or G? (if the horse possibly has the grey gene).
OUTROSSING WITH STALLIONS OF
Outcrossing with the following other breed is permitted (valid for stallions as well as mares):
Thoroughbred XX (recognized in the Danish Warmblood, Trakhener or Arabian-breeding)
Arabian (graded by National Horse Association)
Welsh (however not Welsh Cob)
Danish Sports Pony
Outcrossing with grey roaned stallions of above breeds is not permitted.
By outcrossing with a stallion of above breeds on a graded Knabstrupper mare, it is possible to get registration- and logo-brand if the user of the mare has notified the administrator of the stallion list before 1st November in the year of the covering.
CAPACITY RULES OF THE
A judge does not have capacity if he/she is breeder, owner or former owner of the animal to be judged. The judge does also not have capacity if he/she is breeder, owner or former owner of the sire (the stallion) of the animal to be judged, or has any economic interest in the animal.
THE PONY COMMITTEE:
In the Knabstrupper association exists a pony committee where all interested can participate. The aim of this committee is to strengthen the interest for ponies and publish information of pony breeding, make drafts of breeding promoting measures etc. The committee has a contact person on the board.
Members of the selection commission (the judges of the association) cannot get refund for driving in case they themselves participate with animals in the arrangement.
The salary is at present 2,000 DKR per year to chairman, treasurer and editor.
PLEAS FOR EXEMPTION:
Pleas for exemptions sent to the Knabstrupper Association of Denmark must be sent together with a fee of 300 DKR, non refundable.
3. STANDARD FOR KNABSTRUPPER
HORSES AND PONIES:
The spotted Knabstrupper is an old Danish
culture breed which by the “Knabstrupper Association for
The Knabstrupper is in accordance with the Association rules and regulations §2 a horse of the riding type. It is to be found as:
The Knabstrupper horse: A big framed and harmonic horse with good depth and width.
The Knabstrupper pony:
Ought to be a harmonic riding type with pony
character and with good depth and width.
The miniature Knabstrupper pony: An all round pony for, for example, driving and show. A harmonic type with good depth and width and with distinct pony character.
The Knabstrupper is bred as horse and pony, and is divided into:
Knabstrupper horse over 148 cm. in measurement.
Knabstrupper pony Cat. I, between 138 and 148 cm.
Knabstrupper pony Cat. II, between 128 and 138 cm.
Knabstrupper pony Cat. III, between 105 and 128 cm.
Miniature pony up to 104 cm.
The most essential characteristic of the Knabstrupper is an unusual colour. The different colour variations can be much diversified. The amount of colour therefore has no influence on the judgment and selection classification. The minimum demand to the amount of colour: At the least there must be skin coloured spots around natural openings.
Solid coloured stallions who only have skin coloured spots around natural openings cannot be selected. Stallions with blue/wall eyes or distinct rat tail cannot be selected. Horses or ponies which are distinctly piebald cannot be selected. Solid coloured mares with one Knabstrupper parent can be selected. Solid coloured pure bred stallions which scores 8 or above can be selected.
HEAD AND NECK:
The Knabstrupper horse has an expressive, noble head with big, clear and calm eyes and with plenty of clearance between the lower jaw and the start of the neck. The head well connected through a good flexible poll with a long, well proportioned well set neck.
The Knabstrupper pony must have a small, expressive, noble head with a broad forehead, small ears and big, clear, calm eyes. There must be good clearance between the lower jaw and the start of the neck, and the head must through a good flexible poll be connected with a well proportioned and well set neck.
The miniature pony has a small, expressive head with big clear eyes and small ears. The head must through a good flexible poll be connected with a well set neck.
SHOULDER AND WITHERS:
The Knabstrupper horse has a long and well sloped shoulder and well defined withers.
The Knabstrupper pony must have a long and sloped shoulder and long and well defined withers.
The miniature pony has a sloped shoulder with good freedom of the shoulder.
WITHERS, BACK AND LOIN:
The Knabstrupper horse has well defined withers smoothly connected through a strong back with short, muscular loins.
The Knabstrupper pony must have well defined withers smoothly connected through a strong back with short, muscular loins.
The back line of the miniature pony must be short and strong with short and muscular loins.
The Knabstrupper horse has a long, muscular slightly sloping croup with a well set tail and tail movement.
The Knabstrupper pony: A long, sloping and muscular croup is desirable. Deep, broad and likewise muscular hindquarters are desirable.
The croup of the miniature pony must be well set and muscular.
The Knabstrupper has appropriately strong, clean and well set legs. Well marked joints with good angles in hocks and pasterns. Plenty of bone with a smooth transition to the cannon bones. The cannon bones must be short and flat. The pasterns appropriately long and springy. Muscular upper legs and broad and deep hindquarter muscles. The hooves well formed with good horn quality.
The legs of the Knabstrupper pony must be strong, clean and well set with correct angles and well marked joints. The cannon bones must be short and flat and the pasterns appropriately long and springy. The hooves well formed with good horn quality.
The legs of the miniature pony must be strong, clean and well set with well marked and flat joints. Well formed hooves and with good horn quality.
The Knabstrupper horse: Smooth forward moving from the shoulder with a good length of stride.
The movement of the Knabstrupper pony must be regular, measured with good length of stride moving the horse forward from behind properly.
The movement of the miniature must be regular, measured and covering much ground. An elastic movement is warranted.
The Knabstrupper horse: Must be lively and friendly.
The temperament of the Knabstrupper pony must be friendly, amiable and cooperative.
The miniature pony must be friendly, amiable and cooperative.
4. RULES REGULATING
SELECTION OF STALLIONS, MARES AND
The purpose of these rules of selection is to lay down and systematize the breeding work so that the selection advances the breed.
The board of the breeding association is responsible for selection of stallions and mares taking place each year.
§3. THE SELECTION COMMISSION:
The board of the breeding association appoints a selection commission, who will be in charge of the selections. When selections and ratings of stallions take place the breeding commission must supply the selection commission with a person with knowledge of riding. If possible, there will be a person with a knowledge of ponies in the judge team at selections of stallions/mares and ratings of foals and colts/fillies when ponies are entered.
The right to enter stallions and mares for selection, and foals, colts and fillies for the shows of the association rests with the active members only. For selection stallions and mares can be entered, who pedigree-wise satisfy the demands of the association. Catalogues for the stallion and mare selections will be made. For selections, ratings, foal and filly/colt shows the horses, ponies and miniature ponies are judged in their respective classes. On the entry form it will be stated if the animal is a pony, and the estimated final measurement of the animal. Foals that are the offspring of a horse-pony crossing are placed at foal shows in accordance with the wish of the owner (in the class for pony foals or horse foals).
§5. REQUIREMENTS OF DESCENT:
1. -Stallions must have parents, grand parents and grand grand parents with recognized descent.
-The association can, in special
circumstances, accept insufficient descent in the dam line
of stallions. Stallions are selected at the general
impression rating with
-A selected stallion cannot reduce the value of the offspring as a breeding animal, descent wise, more than the dam line. Therefore the descent of a selected stallion is fully accepted.
-With regard to stallions born up to, and inclusive of, 1998, the association can make an exemption if bloodlines are rare and worthy of preservation, so that the general impression score can be lower than 7. Such stallions can be entered for selection at the latest in their 7 year.
2. -Mares must have parents, grand parents and grand grand parents with recognized descent for the mare to be a main mare.
-Where this is not the case the mare is entered into a fore register and the number of recognized generations decide if the mare is entered in F1, F2 or F3.
-Mares are selected at the general impression rating with 10-9-8-7-6 or 5, irrespectively of the mare being in the main book or the fore register.
3. -Recognized descent is selected animals from EU-recognized Knabstrupper breeding associations or selected animals from those associations from where outcrossing is permitted by us.
-Recognized descent is a registered mare by a selected stallion from EU-recognized Knabstrupper breeding associations or accepted outcrossing associations, where the mare was actively breeding up to and including 1995.
-Recognized descent is a Thoroughbred mare or Arabian mare registered by DK National Horse Registry, where the mare was actively breeding up to and including 1995.
4. Interim arrangement. A stallion can be selected with insufficient descent according to below mentioned rules.
-Stallions born up to and including 1999 out of F2 or F3 mares can be entered for selection.
-Stallions born up to and including 2004 out of F3 mares can be entered for selection.
-Stallions born in 2005 and onwards must be out of a main mare to be entered for selection.
5. -The Knabstrupper association can make exemption for the descent, for example by letting horses from associations with similar breeding criteria enter the selection process, for example horses/ponies with Knabstrupper colour who are selected in breeding associations in other countries.
-The Knabstrupper association can tighten the demands of selection of horses/ponies that are the offspring of parents who are selected in breeding associations in other countries with breeding criteria that do not live up to ours.
-Stallions can also be entered according to the pure-bred program. See this.
BREEDING PERMISSION AND SELECTION:
-Rating takes place in February or March from 1999 and onwards.
-3-years and older stallions who are at their first rating, can be given a 1 year breeding permission.
-4-years and older stallions with a 1 year breeding permission must enter for a new rating in a place chosen by the board.
-4-years and older stallions with a breeding permission for the current year are automatically entitled to enter the selection trials, which are normally held after the breeding season in September or October.
-4-years and older stallions who does not hold a breeding permission, but who wish to enter the selection trials, must be recognized at an ordinary rating.
-4-years and older stallions who have passed a National Horse Committee led selection trial can be selected.
-Scale of rating is: Accepted with 10-9-8-7 points in general impression, else dismissed.
-Solid coloured stallions with full descent and 75% Knabstrupper blood in the 3rd generation can be selected if they pass with 8 in general impression.
-Stallions presented for rating must be loose jumped during the rating process.
-During the rating of stallions, the Knabstrupper association must let the stallions be examined by a veterinarian.
-In connection with the yearly selection arrangement there will be held a pre-inspection of stallions. Promising stallions do not get a description but are told that we would like to see them at the rating. No rosettes or prizes are handed out, as a ticket to the rating is not the same as a breeding permission because thorough examination by the veterinarian, loose jumping etc. will be decisive for acceptance. These stallions are still entitled to enter the rating process though.
-Mares can be entered for selection as 3 years or older. Entering for re-selection can take place, but not within that same year.
-Scale of rating is: Approved with 10-9-8-7-6-5 points, else dismissed.
-Solid coloured mares with skin mottled flecks around natural openings and totally solid coloured mares of a satisfactory type are selected in according with above mentioned rules. However, for totally solid coloured mares, parents must be documented Knabstruppers or one of the parents is a selected Knabstrupper and the other from a breed accepted by the association.
-Offspring of solid coloured Knabstrupper mares can be selected in the association, if the sire is a selected Knabstrupper stallion.
MARES WITHOUT ENTERING.
If a mare cannot possibly be entered for selection, for example if she is deceased, it is possible to apply for selection without entering if: The mare without descent has Knabstrupper colour or has produced at least one selected Knabstrupper offspring.
There exists a special application form for selection of mares without entering. In this must be entered name, birth data and breeder (if possible year of birth), measurements and a declaration as to why the mare is not entered for selection. Half of the fee is refunded if selection is not approved. An exemption might be made from one or more of abovementioned demands without increase of fee. In 1997 and onwards selection without entering costs 1,000 DKR.
§9. EXTERIOR RATING OF GELDINGS:
-Geldings can enter the exterior rating as 2 years and older.
-The gelding must be of approved descent (according to the rules for mares).
-Knabstrupper coloured geldings with unknown descent can likewise be exterior rated.
Exterior rated geldings can then be logo branded.
-Exterior rated geldings are approved with 10-9-8-7-6-5 points and are then entered in a gelding register.
§10. VETERINARY EXAMINATIONS:
The board of the association determines which veterinary examinations the stallions must go through and decides, together with the selection committee, which consequence the veterinary examination will have.
§11. BLOOD TYPE CHECK:
At the selection of stallions the rules for blood type check of the National Horse Committee are followed. The Knabstrupper association pays for the taking of the blood, the owner of the animal pays for the type check though.
7. RULES REGULATING THE
SELECTION TRIALS ETC.
The selection trial is held together with a number of other breeding associations. The National Horse Commission is responsible for the practical aspects of the arrangement.
The selection trial is judged by a technical commission consisting of technical knowledgeable and independent persons, and a representative from each of the breeds which have stallions for selection.
The task of the commission is to make sure that the planning and the implementation of the trial are correct, and to settle cases of doubt as to whether the trial has been completed.
The Knabstrupper association itself decides the pass level of the selection trial and decides if a stallion has to try and pass again or meet again the following year.
The trial consists of 5 sub trials which are being held the same day and without a common training period.
JUDGING AND CALCULATION:
In all the disciplines marks are allocated on a scale from 1 – 10, where 10 is maximum score. The result of the individual sub trials are weighted relative to each other after a scale decided by the board. During a transitional period of some years the pass level, as a guide, is set at 50% in each discipline, however at 70% in endurance. Necessary minimum points are written in the results form, as stated below in this letter. The final decision of passing rests with the selection commission though.
1. TEST OF PACES:
The judging is being done by a team of 3 judges, of who one is a breed judge and the other 2 have special knowledge of riding and paces. The sub trial is done under rider for horses and category I ponies. Cat. II and cat. III ponies either under rider or harnessed to carriage. Under rider the sub trial consists of: Riding according to the directions of the judge at LC2 level. Harnessed to carriage the sub trial consists of: Program “elimentaire” of the DKF, and possibly according to the directions of the judge.
The judges give marks for the following: Walk, trot, gallop and behaviour under rider/ riding ability or behaviour harnessed to carriage.
2. TEST OF JUMPING CAPABILITIES.
The judging is carried out by a team of 2 judges, who have special knowledge of jumping capabilities. The sub trial is done under rider and done as loose jumping. The amount of courses/tracks jumped and number of jumps in indoor riding arena is decided by the judges continuously. The judges give marks for the following: Estimation (the stallion’s ability to judge or estimate the jump correctly and act accordingly, Torben), leg technique, use of back, behaviour/ riding ability.
3. ENDURANCE TEST:
The sub trial is done either harnessed to carriage or under rider as for the riding test. The sub trial includes walk, trot and canter. The precise distances and minimum times are dependent on the horse/pony size. They can always be obtained from the National Horse Committee. Stallions score 15 points if minimum times are not exceeded; if times are exceeded 0.2 points are deducted for each second.
The judging of willingness results from already given marks in sub trials 1-3, including marks for temperament from the veterinarian examination.
5. THE VETERINARIAN EXAMINATION:
Is carried out by a veterinarian to a decided certain extent. The examination is carried out before the trial is started and after the endurance test. Special marks are calculated for recovery after the endurance test and marks for temperament. These are included in the overall result.
The health part of the examination is either passed or not passed.
For the stallion selection trial to be passed the final score must not be less than 700 points, and no sub character must be below 5 (decided by board and selection commission 170600).
USE TEST FOR MARES AND GELDINGS.
Since 1990 a use test
(a test roughly
corresponding to the selection trial for stallions, Torben)
has been held for mares and geldings corresponding to that
of stallions. To pass the selection trial the final score
must not be below 650.